Sichuan Police Manual Details Tibet Repression Psychology

Created: 2013-05-17 14:32 EST

Category: China

A manual telling Chinese security forces to, quote, “fight the battle of maintaining long-term stability in Tibet," and how to deal with the psychological aftermath.

India-based Tibetan Center for Human Rights and Democracy obtained this internal instruction for police in China’s Sichuan province. Entitled “Guide on Psychiatric Wellbeing While Maintaining Stability,” the manual has 29 questions and answers meant to help officers deal with the mental stress of repressing Tibetans and the moral dilemmas accompanying it.
In one section, the manual talks about the “trauma” of cracking down on monks, saying, quote, “when [officers] see [protesting] maroon-robed monks, become uncomfortable and confused.” This, says the manual, “diminish the strength of armed force's valour and resolve in punishing troublemakers.”
Xinjiang-based human rights activist Mr. Zhang says these types of rhetoric are not new.
[Mr. Zhang, Xinjiang Human Rights Activist]: 
"These things make me think of the massacre on June 4th, 1989. Those forces were close to the suburbs of Beijing, and were brainwashed for a certain period. Now for suppression in Tibet, they used the same materials for brainwashing the officials and soldiers. These officers and soldiers were basically devoid of humanity in the suppression of these Tibetans."
Written for the People’s Armed Police Force, the manual highlights how the suppression in Tibet has psychologically impacted these officer. It says new officers in Tibet have, quote, “difficulty managing tempers and becoming scared to the point of losing confidence.”
Despite the psychological tolls, the manual makes clear what the Communist Party's policy is in Tibet. It urges the armed police to, quote, “clearly recognizing the political strategy [and context] of the stability maintenance work in Tibetan areas.” The goal—to ensure the “victory” of the Chinese regime. 
Tibetan rights groups have long complained of the heavy-handed approach of the Communist Party in Tibetan regions. Since 2009, at least 121 Tibetans have self-immolated in protest. Many of these burnings happened in Sichuan Province, where there’s a large Tibetan community.